Unsteady-state operation oftrickle-bed reactors (TBRs) is a promising technique to improve reactor performances especially when mass transfer phenomena are rate controlling. Among the different techniques, fast-mode modulation of the liquid flow rate seems to be one of the most successful. In fact cycling the liquid flow rate at very low frequencies can induce the reactor to work at the high-interaction regime where mass and heat transfer phenomena are strongly enhanced. Fast-mode periodic operation, then, can be considered an extension of the natural high-interaction regime at a mean range ofgas and liquid flow rate normally associated with trickling regime in steady-state conditions. Experimental tests have been performed in a TBR employing -methyl styrene hydrogenation on Pd/C catalyst in unsteady-state conditions by “on–off” fast-mode liquid modulation. Results have been compared with the steady-state experiments at the corresponding average liquid flow rate, revealing a conversion rate improvement up to 60%. All experiments have been performed in isothermal conditions, so conversion improvement can be ascribed only to mass transfer increase and not to thermal effects. The variation of gas and liquid flow rates and liquid cycle parameters presented several important implications about the optimal working conditions.
|Titolo:||Experimental investigation of fast mode liquid modulation in a trickle bed reactor|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2004|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo in rivista|