The adoption of in vitro 3D cell culture models as a bridge between conventional 2D cell culture models and the complex in vivo animal models has been increasing. A carefully designed 3D model can run biological assays with animal model-like complexities but with the simplicity and affordability of traditional cell culture. For example, traditional 2D and transwell assays of immune cell infiltration efficiency are unrealistic, as cell migration is gravity-driven. AIM 3D cell culture chips offer a more realistic immune cell infiltration model by compartmentalizing immune cells and cancer spheroids in parallel channels. The chips consist of a 3D hydrogel channel and two flanking media channels. Cancer spheroids are cultured within the hydrogel channel while immune cells are seeded in one of the media channels. The seeded immune cells are required to actively invade and seek out target cancer cells in 3D hydrogel in AIM chips before they can infiltrate the cancer spheroids. This is a process similar to immune cell infiltration in vivo. By utilizing high content confocal imaging, fluorescent-labeled immune cells that migrate into the 3D hydrogel can be visualized and quantified. This assay, in combination with adoptive T cell therapy or immune checkpoint blockade, can determine the roles of tumor infiltrated lymphocytes in immunotherapy through quantifying the live: dead ratio of cancer spheroids in the chips. This is particularly useful as a quality control tool for cellular adoptive immunotherapy where the infiltration efficiency and tumoricidal activity of engineered immune cells can be accessed in vitro. In summary, AIM 3D cell culture chips create a more physiologically relevant 3D microenvironment for visualizing immune cell infiltration of cancer spheroids.

Analyzing immune cell infiltration of cancer spheroids in a 3D cell culture platform / Hien Lim, Sei; Mun Kuan, Chee; Campisi, Marco; Chiono, Valeria; Pavesi, Andrea. - In: CANCER RESEARCH. - ISSN 0008-5472. - 79:13(2019), pp. 47-47. [10.1158/1538-7445.AM2019-47]

Analyzing immune cell infiltration of cancer spheroids in a 3D cell culture platform

Marco Campisi;Valeria Chiono;Andrea Pavesi
2019

Abstract

The adoption of in vitro 3D cell culture models as a bridge between conventional 2D cell culture models and the complex in vivo animal models has been increasing. A carefully designed 3D model can run biological assays with animal model-like complexities but with the simplicity and affordability of traditional cell culture. For example, traditional 2D and transwell assays of immune cell infiltration efficiency are unrealistic, as cell migration is gravity-driven. AIM 3D cell culture chips offer a more realistic immune cell infiltration model by compartmentalizing immune cells and cancer spheroids in parallel channels. The chips consist of a 3D hydrogel channel and two flanking media channels. Cancer spheroids are cultured within the hydrogel channel while immune cells are seeded in one of the media channels. The seeded immune cells are required to actively invade and seek out target cancer cells in 3D hydrogel in AIM chips before they can infiltrate the cancer spheroids. This is a process similar to immune cell infiltration in vivo. By utilizing high content confocal imaging, fluorescent-labeled immune cells that migrate into the 3D hydrogel can be visualized and quantified. This assay, in combination with adoptive T cell therapy or immune checkpoint blockade, can determine the roles of tumor infiltrated lymphocytes in immunotherapy through quantifying the live: dead ratio of cancer spheroids in the chips. This is particularly useful as a quality control tool for cellular adoptive immunotherapy where the infiltration efficiency and tumoricidal activity of engineered immune cells can be accessed in vitro. In summary, AIM 3D cell culture chips create a more physiologically relevant 3D microenvironment for visualizing immune cell infiltration of cancer spheroids.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2852591