With the high interest in digital modulation techniques which are very sensitive to the PA nonlinearity, modern wireless communication systems require the usage of linearization techniques to improve the linear behavior of the RF power amplifier. The powerful and cheap digital processing technology makes the digital predistortion (DPD) a competitive candidate for the linearization of the PA. This thesis introduces the basic principle of DPD, its implementation on FPGA and the adaptive DPD system. The linearization of 4 PAs with DPD technique has been introduced: for the hybrid class AB PA operating at 2.6 GHz with a WiMAX testing signal, 33.7 dBm average power, 29.6 % drain efficiency, 13 dB ACPR and 9 dB NMSE improvement have been obtained; for the hybrid Doherty PA operating at 3.4 GHz with an I/Q testing signal, 35.0 dBm average power, 36.8 % drain efficiency, 12 dB ACPR and 13 dB NMSE improvement have been obtained; for the MMIC class AB PA operating at 7 GHz with an I/Q testing signal, 29.4 dBm average power, 25.7 % drain efficiency, 12 dB ACPR and 12 dB NMSE improvement have been obtained; for the two-stage PA operating at 24 GHz with an I/Q testing signal, 23.5 dBm average power, more than 14.0 % drain efficiency, 11 dB ACPR and 11 dB NMSE improvement have been obtained. The DPD algorithm has been implemented on FPGA with two methods based on LUT and a direct structure with only adders and multipliers. The block RAM on the FPGA board is chosen as the table in the LUT methods. The linearization performance for these three methods is similar. The test PA is the hybrid Doherty PA mentioned above and the test signal is the I/Q signal with 7.4 dB PAPR. 35.1 dBm average power, 36.8 % efficiency, 11 dB ACPR and 11 dB NMSE improvement have been obtained. The cost of logic resources for the direct structure method is the largest with 1,172 flip-flops, while the number of flip-flops for the two LUT methods are 263 and 583, respectively. A new adaptive algorithm has been proposed in this thesis for the adaptive DPD system. This new algorithm improves the performance in extracting the model parameters in complex number domain. With the experimental data from a combined class AB PA, the final accuracy of the model extracted by the new algorithm has been improved from -20 dB to about -40 dB and the converge speed is faster.

Behavioral modeling and FPGA implementation of digital predistortion for RF and microwave power amplifiers / Jiang, Tao. - (2016). [10.6092/polito/porto/2639711]

Behavioral modeling and FPGA implementation of digital predistortion for RF and microwave power amplifiers

JIANG, TAO
2016

Abstract

With the high interest in digital modulation techniques which are very sensitive to the PA nonlinearity, modern wireless communication systems require the usage of linearization techniques to improve the linear behavior of the RF power amplifier. The powerful and cheap digital processing technology makes the digital predistortion (DPD) a competitive candidate for the linearization of the PA. This thesis introduces the basic principle of DPD, its implementation on FPGA and the adaptive DPD system. The linearization of 4 PAs with DPD technique has been introduced: for the hybrid class AB PA operating at 2.6 GHz with a WiMAX testing signal, 33.7 dBm average power, 29.6 % drain efficiency, 13 dB ACPR and 9 dB NMSE improvement have been obtained; for the hybrid Doherty PA operating at 3.4 GHz with an I/Q testing signal, 35.0 dBm average power, 36.8 % drain efficiency, 12 dB ACPR and 13 dB NMSE improvement have been obtained; for the MMIC class AB PA operating at 7 GHz with an I/Q testing signal, 29.4 dBm average power, 25.7 % drain efficiency, 12 dB ACPR and 12 dB NMSE improvement have been obtained; for the two-stage PA operating at 24 GHz with an I/Q testing signal, 23.5 dBm average power, more than 14.0 % drain efficiency, 11 dB ACPR and 11 dB NMSE improvement have been obtained. The DPD algorithm has been implemented on FPGA with two methods based on LUT and a direct structure with only adders and multipliers. The block RAM on the FPGA board is chosen as the table in the LUT methods. The linearization performance for these three methods is similar. The test PA is the hybrid Doherty PA mentioned above and the test signal is the I/Q signal with 7.4 dB PAPR. 35.1 dBm average power, 36.8 % efficiency, 11 dB ACPR and 11 dB NMSE improvement have been obtained. The cost of logic resources for the direct structure method is the largest with 1,172 flip-flops, while the number of flip-flops for the two LUT methods are 263 and 583, respectively. A new adaptive algorithm has been proposed in this thesis for the adaptive DPD system. This new algorithm improves the performance in extracting the model parameters in complex number domain. With the experimental data from a combined class AB PA, the final accuracy of the model extracted by the new algorithm has been improved from -20 dB to about -40 dB and the converge speed is faster.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2639711
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