This thesis is focused on various aspects concerning the Distributed Generation (DG) from Renewable Energy Sources (RES) and in particular from PhotoVoltaics (PV). The PV generation strongly depends on weather conditions (irradiance and temperature), therefore the solar irradiance forecast is very important for grid-connected PV systems. The PV power injected into the grid is concentrated during sunlight hours, in which the maximum peak load demand occurs and, as a consequence, an impact on the electrical system occurs. The task of the Transmission System Operator (TSO) is to ensure a constant balance between supply and consumption within the grid. Therefore, the presence of strong fluctuations of the solar radiation requires additional regulatory actions and compensation, through the use of short-term power backup, causing an increase in network costs. Thus, the solar irradiance forecast is necessary for an accurate evaluation of the PV power from PV systems, for the management of electrical grids in order to minimize the costs of energy imbalance and for the decisions concerning the energy market. This thesis essentially consists of two parts. In the first part, the profitability of investments in the rooftop grid-connected PV systems subjected to incentive and the grid-parity analysis in the two main European PV markets (Italy and Germany) are presented. In the second part, in order to minimize the costs of energy imbalance in the Italian electricity market, the comparison of irradiance and electric power predictions with respect to the experimental results of grid-connected PV systems is presented.

Economy of grid-connected photovoltaic systems and comparison of irradiance/electric power predictions vs. experimental results / Cocina, VALERIA CONCETTA. - (2014). [10.6092/polito/porto/2538892]

Economy of grid-connected photovoltaic systems and comparison of irradiance/electric power predictions vs. experimental results

COCINA, VALERIA CONCETTA
2014

Abstract

This thesis is focused on various aspects concerning the Distributed Generation (DG) from Renewable Energy Sources (RES) and in particular from PhotoVoltaics (PV). The PV generation strongly depends on weather conditions (irradiance and temperature), therefore the solar irradiance forecast is very important for grid-connected PV systems. The PV power injected into the grid is concentrated during sunlight hours, in which the maximum peak load demand occurs and, as a consequence, an impact on the electrical system occurs. The task of the Transmission System Operator (TSO) is to ensure a constant balance between supply and consumption within the grid. Therefore, the presence of strong fluctuations of the solar radiation requires additional regulatory actions and compensation, through the use of short-term power backup, causing an increase in network costs. Thus, the solar irradiance forecast is necessary for an accurate evaluation of the PV power from PV systems, for the management of electrical grids in order to minimize the costs of energy imbalance and for the decisions concerning the energy market. This thesis essentially consists of two parts. In the first part, the profitability of investments in the rooftop grid-connected PV systems subjected to incentive and the grid-parity analysis in the two main European PV markets (Italy and Germany) are presented. In the second part, in order to minimize the costs of energy imbalance in the Italian electricity market, the comparison of irradiance and electric power predictions with respect to the experimental results of grid-connected PV systems is presented.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
PhD_thesis_Valeria_Cocina1.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Tesi di dottorato
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 3.19 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.19 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2538892
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo