The desire of bringing back the man on the Moon is pushing forward the research of the autonomous systems that will help humans establish a permanent lunar base. Space agencies, companies, and universities accept the challenge of studying solutions to enable human exploration of the cosmos.This paper illustrates the work performed during the IGLUNA ESALab@CH Field Campaign, an activity coordinated by Space Innovation (Previous Swiss Space Center). The IGLUNA analogue mission is a testbed to demonstrate technologies for future lunar exploration. The CoRoDro team was in charge to build an exploration system for the lunar lava tubes, a possible shelter for humans in the equatorial zone of the Moon. In the lava tubes, the main challenge is the inability for humans to visually track and communicate with robotic systems. Two earth analogues were used to demonstrate a lunar rover’s and a thruster propelled hopper’s autonomous navigation operation: a small rover and a drone performing short flights to simulate the hopper. In the lava tube, the two systems will collaborate to analyze and provide a map of its internal structure. The hopper will provide a map thanks to its propelled flights to the rover that will avoid obstacles in the lava tube to reach high-interest areas for analyzing.This concept has been proved during the IGLUNA field campaign that occurred on top of Mount Pilatus (Switzerland). This paper is focusing on presenting the path planning and SLAM (Simultaneous Localization And Mapping) algorithms implemented on both robots. The drone relies on path planning algorithms to explore the unknown environment while the SLAM algorithms generate the map. Path-planning on the drone acquires the boundaries and establishes the covering path of the exploration area.The SLAM algorithms contain several modules that take into consideration the mobility capabilities of the rover to create a map that mentions obstacles and reachable areas for the rover. The map is shared with the rover and used to reach targets identified by the drone. Taking into account obstacles, targets, risks and rewards, an optimum global path is generated. SLAM and path planning algorithms allow the rover to update the map and also detect the obstacles that were not detected by the drone. This work has been reviewed by experts from ESA, Space Innovation, Airbus; an analysis of its performance is presented in this paper. It has shown the interest of fully autonomous robotic missions in extreme and remote conditions, encountered both in space and on Earth.

Autonomous navigation applied to the IGLUNA lunar analogue mission on collaborative robotic systems / Dreier, Maximilien; Rimani, Jasmine; Sachidanand, Maanasa; Reddy Govind Reddy, Gowtham. - ELETTRONICO. - (2021). ((Intervento presentato al convegno IAC - 2021.

Autonomous navigation applied to the IGLUNA lunar analogue mission on collaborative robotic systems

Jasmine Rimani;
2021

Abstract

The desire of bringing back the man on the Moon is pushing forward the research of the autonomous systems that will help humans establish a permanent lunar base. Space agencies, companies, and universities accept the challenge of studying solutions to enable human exploration of the cosmos.This paper illustrates the work performed during the IGLUNA ESALab@CH Field Campaign, an activity coordinated by Space Innovation (Previous Swiss Space Center). The IGLUNA analogue mission is a testbed to demonstrate technologies for future lunar exploration. The CoRoDro team was in charge to build an exploration system for the lunar lava tubes, a possible shelter for humans in the equatorial zone of the Moon. In the lava tubes, the main challenge is the inability for humans to visually track and communicate with robotic systems. Two earth analogues were used to demonstrate a lunar rover’s and a thruster propelled hopper’s autonomous navigation operation: a small rover and a drone performing short flights to simulate the hopper. In the lava tube, the two systems will collaborate to analyze and provide a map of its internal structure. The hopper will provide a map thanks to its propelled flights to the rover that will avoid obstacles in the lava tube to reach high-interest areas for analyzing.This concept has been proved during the IGLUNA field campaign that occurred on top of Mount Pilatus (Switzerland). This paper is focusing on presenting the path planning and SLAM (Simultaneous Localization And Mapping) algorithms implemented on both robots. The drone relies on path planning algorithms to explore the unknown environment while the SLAM algorithms generate the map. Path-planning on the drone acquires the boundaries and establishes the covering path of the exploration area.The SLAM algorithms contain several modules that take into consideration the mobility capabilities of the rover to create a map that mentions obstacles and reachable areas for the rover. The map is shared with the rover and used to reach targets identified by the drone. Taking into account obstacles, targets, risks and rewards, an optimum global path is generated. SLAM and path planning algorithms allow the rover to update the map and also detect the obstacles that were not detected by the drone. This work has been reviewed by experts from ESA, Space Innovation, Airbus; an analysis of its performance is presented in this paper. It has shown the interest of fully autonomous robotic missions in extreme and remote conditions, encountered both in space and on Earth.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
IAC2021___Paper__CoRoDro (1).pdf

non disponibili

Descrizione: Articolo principale
Tipologia: 2a Post-print versione editoriale / Version of Record
Licenza: Non Pubblico - Accesso privato/ristretto
Dimensione 3.53 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.53 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
IAC-21,E2,3-GTS.4,18,x66937.brief.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Abstract
Licenza: PUBBLICO - Tutti i diritti riservati
Dimensione 35.42 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
35.42 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11583/2935121