Harmonic pulse testing is a well testing technique in which the injection or production rate is varied in a periodic way. The pressure response to the imposed rates, both in the pulser well and in the observer wells, can be analyzed in the frequency domain to evaluate the reservoir properties. The advantages of this type of test are that dedicated well testing surface equipment is not required and that the test can be performed during ongoing field operations. In an earlier study we demonstrated that the harmonic pulse testing methodology can be used to evaluate the effective permeability to hydrocarbons and the reservoir total compressibility even for such a heterogeneous case as in a water injection scenario. Theanalysis can be performed using a numericalsimulator in the Fourier domain, by which heterogeneities can be explicitly taken into account. As time-stepping is not required in such a simulation, calculations are much faster than calculations in the time domain. In the present paper we report on the application of the methodology to two fieldcases. The first case is a gas storage reservoir, operated with a day–night injection–shut in scenario. Data analysis proved that the reservoir was homogeneous and that a minor fault identified by the seismic was not hindering hydraulic communication between the pulser and the observer wells. The second case is a set of harmonic test experiments on three groundwater wells, the details of which have been published earlier together with a first attempt to interpret the data. The previous analysis was based on the hypothesis of homogeneous formation, but could not consistently explain all the measurements. With our novel methodology it was possible to investigate the effects of heterogeneity and we demonstrated that the presence of a fault zone with reduced permeability may explain the observations.

Applications of harmonic pulse testing to field cases (SPE 154048) / Fokker, P. A.; Verga, F.. - STAMPA. - (2012), pp. 4095-4106. ((Intervento presentato al convegno 74th EAGE Annual Conference & Exhibition incorporating SPE Europec tenutosi a Copenhagen, Denmark nel 4–7 June 2012 [10.2118/154048-MS].

Applications of harmonic pulse testing to field cases (SPE 154048)

Verga, F.
2012

Abstract

Harmonic pulse testing is a well testing technique in which the injection or production rate is varied in a periodic way. The pressure response to the imposed rates, both in the pulser well and in the observer wells, can be analyzed in the frequency domain to evaluate the reservoir properties. The advantages of this type of test are that dedicated well testing surface equipment is not required and that the test can be performed during ongoing field operations. In an earlier study we demonstrated that the harmonic pulse testing methodology can be used to evaluate the effective permeability to hydrocarbons and the reservoir total compressibility even for such a heterogeneous case as in a water injection scenario. Theanalysis can be performed using a numericalsimulator in the Fourier domain, by which heterogeneities can be explicitly taken into account. As time-stepping is not required in such a simulation, calculations are much faster than calculations in the time domain. In the present paper we report on the application of the methodology to two fieldcases. The first case is a gas storage reservoir, operated with a day–night injection–shut in scenario. Data analysis proved that the reservoir was homogeneous and that a minor fault identified by the seismic was not hindering hydraulic communication between the pulser and the observer wells. The second case is a set of harmonic test experiments on three groundwater wells, the details of which have been published earlier together with a first attempt to interpret the data. The previous analysis was based on the hypothesis of homogeneous formation, but could not consistently explain all the measurements. With our novel methodology it was possible to investigate the effects of heterogeneity and we demonstrated that the presence of a fault zone with reduced permeability may explain the observations.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11583/2874913